Living Labs Through Wenger’s Conceptual Lens: A Literature Review


  • Didi M. E. Griffioen Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Author
  • Maaike van Heijningen Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Author


living labs, higher education, stakeholders, collaboration, students


This literature review applies Wenger’s community of practice framework as a theoretical lens to generate insight about the complex collaborative processes of living labs. The authors explore this model with insights from the literature on labs and then set out to understand higher educational living labs. The findings show that current research on lab practices is limited, the field is scattered, and there is little common perspective across disciplines. The authors advocate for more research on the actual social processes. Only then can living labs hold their promise of integrating learning and innovation in higher education.